CSE Environment Intelligence Service


Environment In-Court

This Environment In-Court—a gateway to information on every important intervention, order and judgment from Supreme Court, High Courts and the National Green Tribunal (NGT) that decides the course of our environment.


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What’s it about

Over the years, environmental cases have achieved important milestones and often, they are the last resort to resolve wide variety of issues. Environment In Court is a handy tool for educating oneself about the major environment-related cases that are being fought across India and what is at stake for the country.

It is published by Environment Intelligence Services Unit of the Centre for Science and Environment, which is backed by 35 years of experience in knowledge-based activism, campaigns, communication and policy research.

Knowledge Base

➠   Judicial actions and related developments on key environment and development issues under major subjects: water, pollution, conflicts, rivers, dams, irrigation, power, health, food safety, pesticides, forests, wildlife, mining, disasters, urbanisation, industry and more

➠   Pan-India coverage and comprehensive update on selected judgments and orders from Supreme Court, High Courts and the National Green Tribunal (NGT)

➠  You are better informed to evaluate court verdicts that affect you

Features and Benefits of Environment In-Court premium

✔  Rich user interface and advanced search option make it easy to access this archive 24x7 multi-users access
✔  Save time and money on environment and development research
✔   Easy to navigate and analyse
✔  Ready reference guide for Law institutes, Advocates, Environment consultants, Industries, NGOs, Academic/Research Institutions and Media houses

See complete database | or view by Topics


With a view to protecting and improving the environment, different legislations have been made and different regulations, rules have been issued.

Air Pollution

There is no dearth of legislations to control air pollution in India but their enforcement has been far from satisfactory. There is need for the effective and efficient enforcement of the constitutional mandate and other environmental legislations.

Water Pollution

Water is considered to be a very precious resource possessed by the country. Pollution of water is one of the severe issues which are being faced by the country in the current scenario. Various laws and policies are being framed to control the pollution of water through numerous ways.


In India the national and state governments are jointly responsible for the sustainable management of the forest resource. The Indian Forest Act of 1927 empowered Indian state governments to enact rules regulating various aspects of forest management, rules differ from state to state.


Indian agriculture has made tremendous strides since Independence. A country with recurring food shortages and dependence on food imports is now not only self-sufficient but a net exporter also.


There have been laws guiding and regulating mining activities since 19th century. But the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation Act, 1957, ('MMDR') and the Mines Act, 1952, together with the rules and regulations framed under them, constitute the basic laws governing the mining sector in India.

Water Resources

Water is a scarce national resource with demands on it increasing on account of a growing population of over one billion. Since water is a scant resource, its sharing and distribution requires a regulatory framework and the water laws and regulations have undergone significant changes in the last couple decades

Natural Disasters

Despite being one of the most disaster prone countries in the world, the subject of disaster management could not find a place in the Constitution of India. But the Government of India brought about a paradigm shift in the approach to disaster management after the Gujarat Earthquake of 2001.

Health, Food Safety, Pesticides

Public health system employs law as a tool to achieve its goal. Thus these laws play in unique role in ensuring the populations’s health.


A new urban framework is clearly emerging in India, where by 2050, the urban population will represent more than half of the entire population of the country.

Solid Waste

In our country, waste management and sanitation are two major challenges faced by the urban India. Hence, there are important laws to help in regulating the waste in India.


The Indian industry is regulated by several laws which govern various aspects – environment clearance, licensing and other necessary permits that are required to start up and run an industrial sector.


The Government of India has introduced various types of legislation in response to the growing destruction of wildlife. In fact, India has some of the most stringent legislations to protect wildlife and habitats.

Governance & Institutions

India is the largest democracy in the world and citizens here are highly enthusiastic to be a part of Governance. In a democratic system, citizen participation is one of the key components of decision making process.

About CSE

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public interest research and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi. CSE researches into, lobbies for and communicates the urgency of development that is both sustainable and equitable.

For 35 years we have remained independent. We do hope that you value our efforts and will like to be part of the change. Subscribe, contribute and be part of that change.

Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.

High Courts

There are 24 High Courts at the state and union territory level of India which, together with the Supreme Court of India at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system.


The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18.10.2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation

District Courts

The District Courts of India are presided over by a judge. They administer justice in India at a district level. These courts are under administrative and judicial control of the High Court of the State to which the district concerned belongs.

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